The MENA-OECD Governance programme Training Centre is located in the Royal Palace of Caserta, historical headquarters of the Italian National School of Public Administration. It uses the existing training and technical infrastructure, as well as its residential centre.

The Royal Palace of Caserta is a former royal residence, constructed for the
Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and one of the largest buildings erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the Palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The construction of the Royal Palace was begun in 1752 for Charles VII of Naples, who worked closely with his architect Luigi Vanvitelli. The King has never slept at his Royal Palace , as he abdicated in 1759 to become King of Spain, and the project was carried to completion for his third son and successor, Ferdinand IV of Naples. The political and social model for the Palace was Versailles. Of all the royal residences inspired by the Palace of Versailles, the Reggia of Caserta is the one that bears the greatest resemblance to the original model: the unbroken balustraded skyline, the slight break provided by pavilions within the long facade.

The king's primary object was to have a magnificent new royal court and administrative center for the Kingdom in a location protected from sea attack.

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